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Recommendations for developing widgets

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Recommendations for developing widgets

When developing custom widgets, keep these recommendations in mind for optimal performance, scalable development, and a good user experience.

Create a default state that provides an example to the end user

A widget does not have instance options defined when initially added to a page. A widget in this empty state can appear blank and cause confusion. In situations where a widget requires some initial configuration, ensure that your widget has a default state that communicates to the admin what configuration is necessary.

Widgets can also be created with demo data. Demo data can also be used to:

  • Clearly demonstrate the widget functionality to the user.
  • Provide data when previewing the widget in the widget editor. (Demo data is not visible in the designer).

Learn more: Tutorial: Build a custom widget.

Embed a widget rather than clone when possible

Embedding an existing widget into your custom widget takes advantage of pre-existing functionality without cloning or duplicating code. You can still pass parameters into the embedded widget to control its behavior.

Learn more: Embed an existing widget

Add limits to GlideRecord queries to improve performance

If your server-side script uses GlideRecord queries, the setLimit function can restrict the number of records returned, and improve response time on queries. For added flexibility, you can tie this limit to an instance option rather than assigning a hard-coded value (for example: gr.setLimit(options.limit || 100)).

Learn more: GlideRecord setLimit Function

Create a directive instead of embedding a complex widget

When an embedded widget is called from the server, all the scripts associated with that widget are returned. If you only need a subsection of a widget, embedding the entire widget creates unnecessary overhead. Instead, use directives to share lightweight code between widgets. Directives are useful, for example, when building UI components. Complex components with server-side and client-side functionality are best left as widgets. Use a directive instead of an embedded widget to:

  • Share scope or custom scope behavior with multiple widgets.
  • Share a reusable, lightweight subsection of a widget.
  • Share a common UI feature, such as a list or an avatar.
  • Augment widget behavior.

Learn more: Reuse components with Angular Providers.

Use a service or factory to share data and persist state

Data services and factories maintain and persist state in a widget without requiring multiple calls to the server, enabling you to:

  • Keep widgets synchronized when changing records or filters.
  • Share data between widgets.
  • Develop more performant widgets.

Learn more: Reuse components with Angular Providers.

Handle events with a publish/subscribe service

Avoid using $broadcast in the DOM. $broadcast dispatches the event name to all child scopes notifying registered listeners, which can be an expensive call that requires the use of the $rootScope global object.

Instead, use a publish/subscribe service to handle events. When using a publish/subscribe service, a clear relationship forms between your widgets through callback handlers. In this model, you can better control the state of your events.

Use REST calls or server.get to fetch data from the server

When you call server.update(), the entire widget is returned from the server. If your widget includes divergent code paths, multiple calls to update the server can affect performance. As a rule, use your server script to set up the initial state of your widget. For subsequent updates, use scripted REST APIs that call script includes on your instance. This practice:

  • Separates business logic from UI elements.
  • Centralizes your code, allowing changes to be made in one place.
You can also use server.get to pass information to the server. Use this function along with input.action to execute specific parts of the server script.
Develop with localization, accessibility, and UI in mind

To create the best experience for your users, follow these guidelines:

  • Consider the impact of your widget in a mobile environment. For example, avoid using mouse-over and other events that do not translate to a mobile device.
  • Use SCSS variables to reuse items. See SCSS variables.
  • Use variable names when using colors.
  • Wrap strings for translation in localization APIs. See Internationalize a widget.
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