Generate a certificate from an internal certificate authority

When you configure Microsoft Active Directory for SSL access, you must generate an internal certificate and request the external certificate.

Before you begin

Role required: admin

About this task

These steps apply to Microsoft CA services. If you have a different internal CA platform, see your local CA administrator for assistance.

Procedure

  1. From the domain controller (DC) you want to create a certificate for, browse to http://localhost/certsrv or specify the CA server name if it is on a remote server.
  2. From the Welcome page, click Request a certificate and select advanced certificate request.
  3. On the Advanced Certificate Request page, select Create and submit a request to this CA.
  4. Complete the Advanced Certificate Request as follows:
    Table 1. Advanced Certificate Request fields
    Field Entry
    Name The fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the DC that is requesting the certificate.
    E-Mail The email address of the person responsible for the certificate.
    Company Your company name.
    Key Options settings
    Create new key set Select it.
    CSR Microsoft RSA SChannel Cryptographic Provider.
    Key Usage Exchange.
    Key Size 1024 is recommended. The instance supports up to 2048.
    Automatic key container name Select it.
    Store certificate in the local computer certificate store Select it.
  5. Click Submit.
    You are directed to a page that provides your Request ID, make note of this ID.
  6. To process the pending request, complete the following:
    1. Open the Certificate Authority management console.
    2. Expand the server node and select Pending Requests.
    3. Locate the Request ID for the request you just submitted, right-click, and select All Tasks/Issue to approve the request and issue the certificate.
  7. To retrieve the issued certificate, complete the following:
    1. From the DC you made the request from, browse to http://localhost/certsrv, or specify the CA server name if it is on a remote server.
    2. Select View the status of a pending certificate request.
    3. Select the link to the new certificate.
    4. Select the link to Install this certificate.

What to do next

You need to request a third party certificate. Certificates from external CAs can be purchased for as little as $30 per year. For detailed procedures on requesting a certificate from an external CA, see Microsoft article 321051. After it is received, installed, and tested, follow the export procedure.